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Instead, they went with Solution 2. The resulting currency, known as bitcoin cash, increased the blocksize to 8 Mb in order to accelerate the verification process to permit a performance of around two million transactions every day. In the time of writing, Bitcoin Cash is valued at $545.00 to Bitcoins $6,328.11.

When you hear bitcoin mining, you envisage coins being dug out of the ground. But bitcoin isnt physical, so why do we call it mining

Because its similar to gold mining in the bitcoins exist in the protocols design (like the gold is underground), but they havent been brought out into the mild yet (just as the gold hasnt been dug up). The bitcoin protocol stipulates that 21 million bitcoins will exist at some point.

They get to do this as a reward for creating blocks of confirmed transactions and including them in the blockchain.

Backtracking a little, lets discuss nodes. A node is a powerful computer which runs the bitcoin software and helps to keep bitcoin running by participating in the relay of information. Anyone can run a node, you simply download the bitcoin software (free) and leave a certain port open (the drawback is the fact that it consumes energy and storage space the network at time of writing carries up about 145GB).

One node will send information to some nodes which it knows, that will relay the information to nodes that they know, etc.. That way it ends up getting around the whole network fairly fast. .

Some nodes are mining nodes (usually referred to as miners). These set outstanding transactions into cubes and add them into the blockchain. How can they do so by solving a intricate mathematical puzzle that's part of the bitcoin program, and including the answer in the block. The mystery that needs solving is to find a number which, when combined with the information in the block and passed through a hash function, creates a result that's within a certain range.

 

 

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(For fiction fans, this number is called a nonce, which can be a concatenation of number used once. In the instance of bitcoin, the nonce is an integer between 0 and 4,294,967,296.)

How can they find this number By guessing at random. The hash function makes it impossible to forecast exactly what the outcome will be. So, miners suppose the mystery number and use the hash function to the combination of the guessed number and the data in the cube. The resulting hash must begin with a pre-established number of zeroes.

Whats more, there may be several nonces that produce the intended result, or there might be none (in the event the miners keep trying, but with a different block configuration). .

The first miner to get a resulting hash within the desired range announces its success to the rest of the network. The rest helpful hints of the miners immediately stop work on that block and start trying to find out the mystery number for the next one. As a reward for the work, the victorious miner has some new bitcoin. .

At the time of writing, the payoff is 12.5 bitcoins, which in time of writing will be worth nearly $200,000.

 

 

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Although its not nearly as cushy a bargain as it sounds. There are a lot of mining nodes competing for this reward, and it is a question of luck and computing power (the further guessing calculations you can execute, the luckier you are).

Additionally, the costs of being a mining node are considerable, not only due to the powerful hardware needed (in case you have a faster processor than your competitors, you've got a better chance of finding the correct number before they perform ), but also because of the large amounts of power that running these processors consumes. .

And, the number of bitcoins given as a reward for solving the puzzle will decrease. Its 12.5 now, but it pits each four decades or so (the next one is expected in 2020-21). The worth of bitcoin relative to cost of electricity and hardware could extend up over the next few years to partly compensate this reduction, but its not certain. .

The problem of the calculation (the necessary number of zeroes at the beginning of the hash string) is corrected frequently, so that it takes on average about 10 minutes to process a block.

Why 10 minutes that's the amount of time that the bitcoin developers think is necessary for a continuous and diminishing flow of new coins until the highest number of 21 million is attained (expected some time in 2140).

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